Navigation

Hazards of Navigation in ICE

When heading for ice-bound waters, one can expect following hazards: Ice Difficulties in keeping the ship moving, speed loss, unexpected loss of speed Difficulties in maneuvering, unexpected motions of the ship, unexpected restrictions of movements Deviations from the originally planned route Ice impacts due to ship speed & ship motion…

Tide and Important terms

Tide are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces exerted by the Moon and the Sun and the rotation of Earth. Tide changes proceed via the following stages: Sea level rises over several hours, covering the intertidal zone; flood tide. The water rises to its highest level, reaching high tide. Sea level falls over several…

Cargo

What are refrigerated cargoes?

Any cargo that has to be loaded, maintained and/or carried at a certain temperature in order for it to reach its destination without deterioration is classed as refrigerated cargoes. This includes meat, fish, poultry products, dairy products, drugs and experimental samples. Refrigerated cargoes are perishable to a greater or lesser degree, and their…

Bridge Equipment

LRIT Long Range

Performance Standards – LRIT

LRIT stands for Long Range Identification and Tracking. While meeting the general requirements for ship borne radio equipment forming part of the global maritime distress and safety system (GMDSS) and for electronic navigational aids, the LRIT should comply with the following minimum requirements: IMO PERFORMANCE STANDARDS FOR LONG RANGE IDENTIFICATION AND TRACKING SYSTEM (LRIT)…

GMDSS

What is COSPAS SARSAT EPIRB?

Well we all must be aware of the EPIRB that is Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon is small, self contained, battery operated radio transmitter which is watertight and buoyant. EPIRB is a device which provides distress alert and location information to search and rescue services (SAR) for aviation, maritime and land…

Law

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Hazards of Navigation in ICE

When heading for ice-bound waters, one can expect following hazards: Ice Difficulties in keeping the ship moving, speed loss, unexpected loss of speed Difficulties in maneuvering, unexpected motions of the ship, unexpected restrictions of movements Deviations from the originally planned route Ice impacts due to ship speed & ship motion…

Tide and Important terms

Tide are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces exerted by the Moon and the Sun and the rotation of Earth. Tide changes proceed via the following stages: Sea level rises over several hours, covering the intertidal zone; flood tide. The water rises to its highest level, reaching high tide. Sea level falls over several…

What are refrigerated cargoes?

Any cargo that has to be loaded, maintained and/or carried at a certain temperature in order for it to reach its destination without deterioration is classed as refrigerated cargoes. This includes meat, fish, poultry products, dairy products, drugs and experimental samples. Refrigerated cargoes are perishable to a greater or lesser degree, and their…

Cargo Planning on Chemical Tanker

Properties of cargo and hazards posed by them must be well understood by the Master and Chief Officer, prior finalizing the plan. In case of any doubts or unavailability of data, the charterers must be contacted and the required information sought. Prior arrival port, the cargo plan shall be prepared in total and…

What is COSPAS SARSAT EPIRB?

Well we all must be aware of the EPIRB that is Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon is small, self contained, battery operated radio transmitter which is watertight and buoyant. EPIRB is a device which provides distress alert and location information to search and rescue services (SAR) for aviation, maritime and land…

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