Applicable rules and regulations:-
- SOLAS Chapter-V- Regulation 7 search and Rescue services.
- Chapter VI Ship Reporting System under SAR Convention 1979.
- MS. Act, 1958 Section 355 and 355-A obligation to render assistance to persons in danger.
- IMO regulation A 851 (20)- General Principles for Ship reporting system and Ship reporting requirements including reporting accidence involve dangers goods, harm full substances and/ or Marine pollutants.
Indian Ship Reporting System (INDSAR).
This is a supplementary and an advance computerized system designed to contribute to safety of life/timely search and rescue operations at sea. This system is operated and maintained by the Indian Coast Guard through their Maritime Rescue Co-ordination Centre (MRCC) at Mumbai.
The aim of providing / co-ordinating the effective search and rescue operations in a possible event of any marine casualty at sea, the Indian Coast Guard has brought in to operations a supplementary Ship Position Reporting System with effect from 01st February, 2003.
- all Indian ships of 100 GRT and above entering into or transiting the Indian Search and Rescue Region (ISRR) shall participate in the INDSAR reporting system. All ships other than Indian Ships of 300 GRT and above entering or transiting through the above region are encouraged to participate in INDSAR reporting system
- all ships 100 GRT and above irrespective of the flag carrying a nuclear or other inherently dangerous or noxious substances or materials entering into or transiting the Indian Search and Rescue Region (ISRR) waters are encouraged to participate in the INDSAR reporting system for safety;
- all ships of 20 years and above irrespective of the flag are advised to send the relevant report under INDSAR within ISRR.
- The format of the report or reports shall conform to the ship reporting guidelines prescribed in IMO Resolution A.851  and Special Edition of Indian Notices to Mariners No.8.
Indian Ship Position and Information Reporting System (INSPIRES)
The main objective of the system is Open Ocean Vessel management for security of all vessels navigating in the Arabian Sea / Bay of Bengal. An Indian Naval Communication Centre (COMCENs) Mumbai and Vishakhapatnam are functioning as the shore stations for receiving INSPIRES messages from all vessels.
- All Indian vessels including coasting / fishing vessels of tonnage 300 GRT and above shall participate in this reporting system.
- All vessels other than Indian ship of tonnage 100 GRT and above are encouraged to send the reports in the prescribed format when they are transiting within the INSPIRES ship reporting areas.
- All offshore supply / support vessels operating within Offshore Development Area (ODA) in the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal having valid security clearance issued by the ODAG and less than 20 years of age without any detention under the PSC / FSI regime during past one year conforming to the DGS requirements in respect of safety, safe manning and protection of marine environment may not send such reports but are encouraged to participate in this system.
- The format of the report or reports shall conform to the ship reporting guidelines prescribed in IMO Resolution A.851 (20) and Special Edition of Indian Notices to Mariners No. 8.